Every programming and markup language has its own type of source code, which is sometimes simply referred to as “source.”
This code consists of a description of the tasks that a computer is to do, and it is written and stored in a human-readable text format. Before being used, some code is compiled, which is a process that converts the source code into a collection of machine instructions.
Although text in a markup language like HTML is not technically source code in the strict sense, it is frequently referred to as such. There are also many legal classifications for source code, the most notable of which being open-source vs closed-source.
Let us talk about these two in detail
1. Open-source Code
Open-source software is software whose source code is freely distributed, sometimes without conditions and sometimes under the terms of an open source licencing agreement that protects the author’s basic rights.
Open-source Code has the following properties :
- Open-source software is computer software that has an open source, which means that anybody may access and use it.
- Open-Source Software in short also referred to as OSS.
- Because this code may be changed by other individuals and organizations, the source code is accessible to anybody.
- The price of open-source software is very less.
- Users are not subjected to as many limitations in terms of programme use and customization.
- Programmers compete with each other for recognition.
- If their improvement is accepted, programmers are allowed to give it in exchange for acknowledgment.
- If the software is popular, a significant number of programmers may be willing to work on it.
- Open-source code software can be installed into any computer.
- Open-source software fails fast and fixes faster.
- No one is accountable for the programme in open-source code software.
- Firefox, OpenOffice, Gimp, Alfresco, Android, Zimbra, Thunderbird, MySQL, Mailman, Moodle, TeX, Samba, Perl, PHP, KDE, and others are just a few examples.
2. Closed Source Code
The second main legal type of source code is closed source.
Only an executable file is supplied to a licensee under this arrangement. It is forbidden for users to attempt to decompile executable files in order to disclose the underlying code.
Here are some properties of closed source code:
- Closed source software is computer software with a closed source code, which means that the public does not have access to the source code.
- Closed Source Software in short also referred to as CSS.
- In closed source code software, the source code is protected.
- The programme can only be modified by the person or group who produced it.
- The price of closed source software is high
- Users are subjected to several limitations based on programme usability and customization.
- Programmers do not compete with each other for recognition.
- The software firm/organization hires programmers to improve the software.
- The number of programmers/teams that will work on the project is limited.
- Before being installed on any computer, closed software must have a valid licence.
- Closed source software has no room for failure.
- If something goes wrong with closed source software, the vendor is liable.
- Skype, Google Earth, Java, Adobe Flash, Virtual Box, Adobe Reader, Microsoft Office, Microsoft Windows, WinRAR, macOS, Adobe Flash Player, and so on are some examples.
These were the main differences between the two types of source code, I hope that this blog has helped you learn about the types of source codes properly.
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